Deep Analysis – Endbringer


Greetings Disciple of Bolas!

So as many of you know, I prefer the older, more powerful eternal formats such as Modern and Legacy.

This past week has been a roller coaster ride for those of us who want the Legacy format to grow.  So what exactly happened?  I’m hear to talk about the Terastodon in the room…

On July 4th, a YouTuber by the name of Craig Berry posted the following video about buying out Moat and Lion’s Eye Diamond:

Now this really ticked a lot of players off.  Typically most cards run a staircase model like Grove of the Burnwillows:


Data info came from MTGGoldfish as of 7/11/16

The model usually spikes up by small amounts, then plateaus for a while then repeats.

Over the last several months however several cards have been subject to buyouts like the ones that happened recently.  Take a look at Moat:


Data info came from MTGGoldfish as of 7/11/16

The huge spike came in June when the card was bought out, but you notice that right after the price spike from the buyout, the price began a harsh drop until it settled at the market price it is at now.

Now this is a big kick in the face to many a Legacy or Vintage player.  What these people are doing are buying up the supply, waiting for the same companies to raise their buylist price and then sell the card back to them making a large profit…and making it harder and harder for new players to enter the Legacy or Vintage format.  Some ‘investors’ decide to even sit on their copies for longer periods of time waiting for a better offer and some won’t sell their copies at all.


Data info came from MTGGoldfish as of 7/11/16

You’ll notice a similar pattern with Lion’s Eye Diamond as you did with Moat this year.  The huge price spike followed by a huge dip until a stable point is reached.

Why these buyouts spell doom for Legacy and Vintagedoomsday_extended2

Legacy and Vintage players (or interested players) cannot play the format without the cards.  If cards are taken out of circulation, then fewer players can actually play the format.  This leads to players who were playing those formats to sell off their deck(s) / collection because no one else plays the format around them.

This cycle continues until there are no players who play these formats and all of the cards are in the hands of ‘investors’.

Guess what happens now?

With no players to play the format(s), there is much less demand for these cards.

When that happens, the secondary market will crash.

Now after the video surfaced, posted the following Official Announcement:

My fellow Gamers,

The 100+ employees at TCGplayer love being a part of the Magic community! We are huge fans—players and collectors—of Magic. That’s why we’ve been watching the buyouts this week very closely.

Obviously this issue hits close to home for us, and we are fortunate to be in a position where we believe we can help make a difference. Our team has been poring through the data we have available, studying how other industries handle similar situations and then assembling a plan that allows TCGplayer to help the community with this issue in the best way we know how, through positive and empowering data

So I want to now share with you our plan to provide this empowering data, not only to TCGplayer visitors but all of the sites and mobile developers that we work with, so that the community has the information that matters to them no matter which website or application they use.

To do so we have three launch phases planned:

  • Phase 1 – Immediately: Today, we are making some drastic changes to our store and launching a new website to turn to for accessing pricing data.
  • Phase 2 – Short Term: Over the next 6 weeks we will be deploying new tools and a brand new price point for the community.
  • Phase 3 – Long Term: Throughout the remainder of the year we will be rebuilding the pricing API tools that we make available to many of your favorite content sites and Mobile apps. This will allow them to help spread these new data points across the globe.

Ok, so let’s jump into what is immediately changing!

Phase 1: Immediately

On TCGplayer right now, you will see that we made changes to the store pages and the price points that are available on Magic pages. For example, the card details pages for an item such as ‘Nahiri, the Harbinger‘ now has Market Price directly displayed on it as our leading price point.

This is important because we have been testing Market Price for the last year. This price point is compiled from the “recent completed sales that occur on TCGplayer” This is a significant change because since Magic’s existence, from Scrye magazine through now, the price points have been based on the prices Sellers ‘list’ an item for, regardless if it actually sells. The response to Market Price has been overwhelmingly positive and we are now pushing it onto all of the card detail pages. We are also removing the outdated Low and High price points that were based on listed prices.

Additionally, we just launched a brand new website for quick lookups of pricing data This website has been quickly put together by our amazing development team, and it will be the home to our current and future price points as we continue to provide more empowering pricing data for the community. It also allows you to view this new pricing data on a full set at once.

Finally, what was formerly called Median price has been renamed Listed Median. The reason is to emphasize that the price point is based on listed prices only. Because of this, especially on older cards with lower quantities, it can vary significantly from the actual price that people are paying for the card which is the Market Price. We made the decision to continue supporting this price point, but lower our emphasis on it, as it’s valuable data to many traders and store owners, and is extremely reliable on cards from the Modern era.

Phase 2: Short Term

If you have clicked through to or today, you already have seen two ‘Coming Soon’ data points. The first is called ‘Price Trend’ and this will be a new trend graph based solely on the most reliable pricing point, Market Price. It will be a quick snapshot of recent activity so you can see how a card is trending in price over the last 7-14 days.

The second, and our most exciting price point addition is called ‘Buylist Market Price’. This new price point rolls out soon and will be based upon actual purchases of cards through the TCGplayer Buylist. This is an incredible price point as it gives us much more information about the true value of a card. This is the price Sellers are willing to pay for a card so that they can then relist it for a profit. So we can look at these two price points based on actual sales as:

  • Market Price = Suggested Retail Price
  • Buylist Market Price = Wholesale Price

Let’s look at a scenario to see what the true value of a card is, and let’s use an item that is on our minds recently, Moat from Legends:

(Example price points below)

  • Market Price: $354.66
  • Buylist Market Price: $290.02
  • Listed Median: $654.72

So, what is the value of Moat given these data points? Well, some Sellers have it listed for over $600.00, so isn’t that it’s price? No. The Market Price reflects the recent sales of Moat to be $354.66. And Stores are currently paying $290.02, so the true value falls somewheres in between these two data points.

Additionally, let’s discuss the Listed Median price. At the time of this writing, Moat had a Listed Median of $654.72, almost double what the actual sales are showing. This is because only a few Sellers have this card listed. And what you are not seeing is that every time a new Seller lists a Moat at a price near the Market Price… it sells!

That was a really long way of saying that we’re excited that there will be two amazing price points based on the actual sales of the card. So let’s move onto the final phase of our launch plans.

Phase 3: Long Term

The pricing data points that TCGplayer provides are used by many of the Magic community’s favorite content sites and mobile applications. We refer to the developers of these websites and applications as ‘partners’ and we are all part of an amazing community. So we will be pushing hard over the remainder of 2016 to rebuild the API’s (data interfaces) that we provide to 3rd party developers to include this new data.

Everyone at TCGplayer is excited about these pricing data changes and is putting our efforts towards positively empowering the Magic community. We hope that these data points and tools are well received and look forward to any feedback. We are always listening and reading your posts and comments across the internet. Together we can all contribute to Magic continuing to be the greatest game in the world.

Chedy Hampson,
CEO & Co-Founder

Now while I believe this is a good start from the secondary market, it truly isn’t enough.

There are only a few ways to stop things like this happening:

End the Reserve List and begin reprinting hard to find Reserved list cards immediately

Hasbro has stated again and again that this would not be an option.  Since the company doesn’t want to get sued by the ‘investors’, they will more than likely remain on this stance.

Setup a system by which ‘investors’ cannot forcefully spike the price of cards

Keeping ‘investors’ from cashing in on price spikes is a method that would seem to work currently.  For that to happen, stores that are on TCGPlayer would have to monitor attempts at buyouts like the ones that happened recently that cause a major spike in price.  Making these ‘investors’ jump through as many hoops as possible would deter many of them from even attempting to do this again.

End the Legacy and Vintage formats as they currently are and create a new Eternal format with all Reserved List cards Banned

Wizard R & D has stated that this isn’t going to happen anytime soon.

So far, this has held true but I believe this announcement will come soon.

Doomsday is coming.  Be prepared when it does.

Next Week

My article next week will go over the cards that I believe have potential to be played in Eternal formats.

Until next time,


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